The sap when fermented can also be made into coconut vinegar or various palm wines (which can be further distilled to make arrack).. ; Batugal, P.; Bonnot, F. (2008). Coconut fruit in the wild are light, buoyant, and highly water resistant. Additionally, a genetically distinct subpopulation of coconut on the Pacific coast of Latin America has undergone a genetic bottleneck resulting from a founder effect; however, its ancestral population is the Pacific coconut from the Philippines. Coconut timber comes from the trunk, and is increasingly being used as an ecologically sound substitute for endangered hardwoods. Over the course of evolutionary time-scales the shifting atolls would have shortened the paths of colonization, meaning that any one coconut would not have to travel very far to find new land. Add Pineapple in cocktail shaker and crush it. , Given that coconuts are ideally suited for inter-island group ocean dispersal, obviously some natural distribution did take place. But we had laid about half among the special provisions below deck, with the waves washing around them.  They have been found in the Caribbean and the Atlantic coasts of Africa and South America for less than 500 years (the Caribbean native inhabitants do not have a dialect term for them, but use the Portuguese name), but evidence of their presence on the Pacific coast of South America antedates Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas. (2008). Australian cities put much effort into de-fruiting decorative coconut trees to ensure that the mature coconuts do not fall and injure people. In Kerala, India, the main coconut pests are the coconut mite, the rhinoceros beetle, the red palm weevil, and the coconut leaf caterpillar. In Sanskrit, it is kalpa vriksha ("the tree which provides all the necessities of life"). , Among modern C. nucifera, two major types or variants occur: a thick-husked, angular fruit and a thin-husked, spherical fruit with a higher proportion of endosperm reflect a trend of cultivation in C. nucifera. : B. arenosella, B. atriloqua (feeds exclusively on C. nucifera), B. mathesoni (feeds exclusively on C. nucifera), and B. Kara Coconut Cream in 16.9fl oz (500ml) pack. , It was the main food of adherents of the now discontinued Vietnamese religion Đạo Dừa. Customer reviews. This pattern coincides with the known trade routes of Austronesian sailors. , The sap derived from incising the flower clusters of the coconut is drunk as neera, also known as toddy or tubâ (Philippines), tuak (Indonesia and Malaysia) or karewe (fresh and not fermented, collected twice a day, for breakfast and dinner) in Kiribati.  They are also used in Hindu weddings as a symbol of prosperity. The green of the leaves (lamina) is stripped away, leaving the veins (long, thin, woodlike strips) which are tied together to form a broom or brush. In the Philippines, this alcoholic drink is called lambanog or "coconut vodka". Coconuts have a nearly cosmopolitan distribution thanks to human action in using them for agriculture. Long-term consumption of coconut oil may have negative health effects similar to those from consuming other sources of saturated fats, including butter, beef fat, and palm oil. , The coconut is also used as a target and prize in the traditional British fairground game coconut shy. In 1987, a "coconut law" was signed by Governor Edwin Edwards exempting from insurance liability any decorated coconut "handed" from a Zulu float.  They can also be processed to extract palm sugar. It is spread by host insects, that thrive on heavy turf grasses. , Modern genetic studies have identified the center of origin of coconuts as being the region between Southwest Asia and Melanesia, where it shows greatest genetic diversity. The tradition began in the 1910s, and has continued since. (January 27, 1967). The dwarf subspecies is thought to have mutated from the tall group under human selection pressure..  Endt & Hayward (1997) have noted their resemblance to members of the South American genus Parajubaea, rather than Cocos, and propose a South American origin.  A frayed piece of root can also be used as a toothbrush.  Coconut milk can be diluted to create coconut milk beverages. , It is one of the most useful trees in the world.. The conditions required for coconut trees to grow without any care are: The main limiting factor for most locations which satisfy the rainfall and temperature requirements is canopy growth, except those locations near coastlines, where the sandy soil and salt spray limit the growth of most other trees. The many uses from the Tree of Life – Coconut Butter, The many uses from the Tree of Life – Coconut Coir Fiber, The many uses from the Tree of Life – Coconut Sugar, The many uses from the Tree of Life – Nata de Coco, The many uses from the Tree of Life – Coconut Soap. The knowhow of coconut cultivation and necessary soil fixation and irrigation may have found its way into Omani, Hadrami and Al-Mahra culture by people who returned from those overseas areas. 4.1 out of 5. Dried coconut is also used as the filling for many chocolate bars. Coconut milk powder, a protein-rich powder can be processed from coconut milk following centrifugation, separation, and spray drying.  Their cultivation and spread was closely tied to the early migrations of the Austronesian peoples who carried coconuts as canoe plants to islands they settled.  Given proper care and growing conditions, coconut palms produce their first fruit in six to ten years, taking 15 to 20 years to reach peak production. The dried calyx is used as fuel in wood-fired stoves. The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the palm tree family and the only living species of the genus Cocos. Halved, drained coconuts can also be hung up as bird feeders, and after the flesh has gone, can be filled with fat in winter to attract tits.  Training schools for pig-tailed macaques still exist both in southern Thailand and in the Malaysian state of Kelantan. Drift models based on wind and ocean currents have shown that coconuts could not have drifted across the Pacific unaided. For other uses, see, "Coconut tree" redirects here. 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