louis xv wife

His reign was marked by the decline of the prestige of the monarchy and the deepening of the crisis that eventually led to the French Revolution.. Louis XV, byname Louis the Well-Beloved, French Louis le Bien-Aimé, (born February 15, 1710, Versailles, France—died May 10, 1774, Versailles), king of France from 1715 to 1774, whose ineffectual rule contributed to the decline of royal authority that led to the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789. [5] [4] In the marriage contract, the same terms were given to her as was previously to the Spanish Infanta, and she was thus guaranteed fifty thousand crowns for rings and jewelry, two hundred and fifty thousand crowns upon her wedding, and the further guarantee of an annual widow allowance of twenty thousand crowns.[5]. She was buried at the Basilica of St Denis, and her heart was entombed at the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours in Nancy (Lorraine). At birth, he received the level of importance of the Duke of Berry's title, which he always wore his father until December 20, 1765's Ironically, the hopeless political career of king Stanislaus was eventually the reason why his daughter Maria was chosen as the bride of King Louis XV of France. [4] Cardinal Fleury himself favored a match with Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, which was supported by the maternal grandfather of Louis XV, The King of Sardinia, through his spy the Princess of Carignan, Maria Vittoria of Savoy. Florence and George Blumenthal, New York, sold Ader, Galerie George Petit, Paris, 1-2 December 1932, lot 108. At birth, Louis XV received a customary title for younger sons of the French royal family: Duke of Anjou. Today I’ll feature Marie-Louise O'Murphy, mistress of King Louis XV. The lovers of Louis were often given positions in the court of Marie, in order for them to have a permanent access and official excuse to remain at court, which placed Marie in a difficult position. Probably. Marie was, finally, chosen because she was a healthy adult Catholic princess ready to procreate immediately after the wedding. Wahlström & Widstrand (1947), Clarissa Campbell Orr: Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. Cheerful as usual, she leaves Versailles with her wetnurse, apparently without suspecting the true reason for this unexpected journey. Furthermore, despite her surname being difficult to spell or to pronounce for the French, it was still commonly used by commoners. Louis XV has left the Palace earlier that day. [4] Louis George, Margrave of Baden-Baden as well as the third Prince of Baden were suggested, but these negotiations fell through because of her insufficient dowry. During the War of the Polish Succession in 1733–1736, she supported her father's candidacy to the Polish throne, and upon her father's demand,[4] she did her best to encourage Cardinal Fleury to support her father's candidacy, though she herself expressed to the Cardinal that she had never wished for the war and that she was an innocent cause of it because the French wished to enhance her dynastic status. He was the father of three kings of France, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X. Louis XV was born in the Palace of Versailles on 15 February 1710 during the reign of his great-grandfather Louis XIV. Marie-Louise O'Murphy (also variously called Mademoiselle de Morphy, La Belle Morphise, Louise Morfi or Marie-Louise… In 1746, the French occupied Brussels. The case convulsed both public and Is it so strange that Louis XV would resent having this miniature Queen foisted upon him, while they are not even married? The Duke of d'Argensson had already left a favorable report of her, and the groundwork had been done. Synopsis. He is best known for contributing to the decline of royal authority that led to the French Revolution in 1789. Also, he had been orphaned almost as far as he could remember, and had developed a passionate attachment for his governess, Madame de Ventadour. Louis of France (Louis Ferdinand; 4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Marie Leszczyńska.He was the Dauphin of France all his life. Queen Mariana Vitoria died in 1781, at the age of 62. Commemorative medals (below) were minted to celebrate the betrothal of the young cousins. So his little Queen is not even invited to his coronation in the Cathedral of Reims. One had to hold her hand when she signed her marriage contract. 8 On the 30th of August, shortly after five o’clock, Madame de Maintenon departed Versailles after being assured by her confessor that her dying husband no longer needed her. This of course reflects Louis XV’s personal feelings, but there is more: the Spanish alliance, which their marriage was supposed to seal, is unraveling. Louis XV was the third son of the Duke of Burgundy and his wife Marie Adélaïde of Savoy, the eldest daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and Anne Marie d'Orléans. During the last days that Louis and Françoise spent together sheaves of paper, mainly letters exchanged between husband and wife were burned. After her marriage, her appointed court consisted of a great number of followers of the Duke of Bourbon, among them Madame de Prie herself, the Duchess de Béthune, and the Marquise de Matignon, who were among her twelve ladies-in-waiting or dame du palais; the Duke's own sister, Marie Anne de Bourbon (1697–1741), became her Surintendante de la Maison the la Reine and Paris de Verney was appointed as her secretary. Their lifestyle in Wissembourg was regarded as very below standard for a royal at that time; they lived in a small house, and could not pay the salary of their small retinue from which a few "served as an apology for a guard of honour", and the jewels of the former queen Catherine were reportedly held as security by a moneylender. Their Louis XV was the third son of the Duke of Burgundy and his wife Marie Adélaïde of Savoy. [4] Fleury and Marie developed a cordial relationship, and he often granted her his support when he estimated that her request to the king was harmless; such as in 1742, when the Cardinal, on her request, persuaded the king to allow her to appoint her personal friend Amable-Gabrielle de Villars as Dame d'atours. She was a great lover of music and painting and the promoter of many artists. He succeeded his great-grandfather Louis XIV at the age of five. He nevertheless became King under the name of Joseph I in 1750, but delegated most powers to the famous, or infamous Marquis de Pombal. Infanta Mariana Victoria, age three, was the daughter of King Philip V of Spain, himself grandson of Louis XIV, the Sun King. [5], In parallel with this, Louise Julie de Mailly was officially recognized as the king's royal mistress and favorite at court, and the relationship between the king and queen discontinued in all but name; though they continued to perform their ceremonial roles side by side, the king paid only purely ceremonial visits to her rooms and no longer participated in her card games, and the court, wary of her loss of the king's affections, only attended to her when court representation required. Kvinnor vid maktens sida : 1632-1772. [5] Louis XV, who suffered from restlessness and needed to be entertained, eventually became more inclined to listen when Marie was unfavorably compared to other women, and Cardinal Fleury, who wished to prevent Marie from eventually getting any influence over the king, favored the idea of the king taking a mistress as long as she was apolitical. King Louis XV of France. THE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION OF LOUIS XVI: A CONSEQUENCE OF INTERNATIONAL POLITICS, ANATOMY, OR NAÏVETÉ? Louis XV is no longer a smitten teenager, he is now a handsome young man, with the same sexual appetites as his great-grandfather Louis XIV. Marie was the benefactor of the painter Jean-Marc Nattier, whom she commissioned in 1748 to paint the last portrait she ever sat for, an unusual one as it was informal. Marie was not described as a beauty; instead her characteristics in the marriage market were stated as those of being pleasant, well-educated, and graceful in manner and movement. In 1722 he moved the Court and the seat of government back to the Palace of Versailles, which had been abandoned after the death of Louis XIV. [4] Though she had simple habits - her apartments at Versailles were not redecorated after 1737 - her favorite game, cavagnole, often placed her in debt, and the King was normally unwilling to pay these off for her. She was not the first choice on the list. Another prince of the royal blood, the Duc de Bourbon, takes over, and he is no friend of Marie-Anne-Victoire. Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, Florimond Claude, Comte de Mercy-Argenteau, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Henriette Marie, Queen of England, Ireland and Scotland, Anne Marie Louise, Duchess of Montpensier, Marguerite Louise, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, Élisabeth Marguerite, Duchess of Alençon and Angoulême, Françoise d'Aubigné, Marchioness of Maintenon, Maria Carolina Sophia Felicity Leszczyńska, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marie_Leszczyńska&oldid=998593306, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking page references from June 2019, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gabrielle Angelique, Duchess of La Valette and Epernon, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 03:12. From the Emperor’s Desk: Louis XV of France, like many monarchs, has many mistresses. The former Infanta Queen was now Queen Mariana Vitoria. [4] At this point, there were already negotiations of marriage between Marie and the Duke of Bourbon. Acceding to the throne in 1715, Louis XV came to be known as “le Bien-Aimé” (the Beloved). He is still fond of his wife, but she is beginning to look like an old lady to him. Acceding to the throne in 1715, Louis XV came to be known as “le Bien-Aimé” (the Beloved). Needless to say, Marie-Anne-Victoire, age three, could not read, but she nevertheless received the missive with perfect ease and poise. His uncle, the future. [4] In contrast, Marie herself seems never to have had extramarital relations. Louis, Dauphin of France (4 September 1729 – 20 December 1765) was the elder and only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska.He had … [4] The princess' advice was that as Queen of France, it was Marie's duty was not to involve herself in political intrigues and plots, but to act as an example of virtue and piety and a role model of a "Catholic consort of the Most Christian King". He resorts at first to a host of obscure mistresses, which has at least the merit of relative discretion, then to the publicly flaunted services of Madame du Barry, a former courtesan who does little to enhance the dignity of the final years of his reign. Queen Marie was initially not respected by the royal court, where she was regarded as low-born. On their instruction, the queen called on the king to come to her chambers, where the Duke de Bourbon was present. Maria's early life was troubled by her father's political misfortune. In 1725 he married Marie Leszczyńska, who would bear him an heir. [4] This incident led to Cardinal Fleury categorizing queen Marie as his opponent, and his decision to oust the ministry of the Duke of Bourbon. When he cannot avoid addressing her, he keeps to “yes” or “no” answers. The announcement of the wedding was not received well at the royal court. Louis XVI, 1754–93, king of France (1774–92), third son of the dauphin (Louis) and Marie Josèphe of Saxony, grandson and successor of King Louis XV. Louis XV was born on February 15, 1710, at the Palace of Versailles, to Louis Bourbon, Duke of Burgundy and Marie Adelaide of Savoy. From the Emperor’s Desk: Louis XV of France, like many monarchs, has many mistresses. Following the disaster, the King’s mental condition further deteriorated, and the Marquis de Pombal became the de facto ruler of Portugal. In all, Marie had 10 live children, seven of whom survived to adulthood. -Associated Press, by historical novelist Catherine Delors, author of For the King, Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License, An Interview of Susanne Dunlap, author of THE SPIRIT OF FIRE, THE GHOST OF MADISON AVENUE, by Nancy Bilyeau, An interview of Nancy Bilyeau, author of THE CHALICE, The Berkeley Square Affair, by Teresa Grant. Much has been written about the possibility that Louis XIV‘s wife, the Queen, gave birth to a black baby, a daughter. In 1720, she was suggested as a bride to Louis Henri de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, (who preferred being and was known as the Duke of Bourbon, rather than Prince of Condé) but her intended mother-in-law Louise Françoise de Bourbonrefused to give her consent. During the serious illness of Louis XV in Metz in August 1744, when he was believed to be dying, Marie was given his permission to join him, and was cheered by the supporting public along her journey, but when she arrived, he no longer wished to see her. Works of art: Cartel clock Louis XV period 18th century by Gallery de Potter d'Indoye - Ref: 85219 - In chiseled and gilded bronze, the white and blue ... Period : 18th century Artist : Jean-Baptiste Baillon, maître horloger en 1727 Charges, Françoise became extremely attached to Louis Auguste, the throne not succeed to Orléans. Well with Madame de Prie the best reads of the wedding of Austrian began... 1-2 December 1932, lot 108 after his death in 1715 - Louis XV France! Burden of international alliances she played a part in his will, Louis XV ( ). Excelling in history and languages wedding was not received well at the expense of the surname in modern Polish other! 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