Other terms might include grand duchy (as in the case of Luxembourg), principality (as in the case of Monaco), or city state (as in the case of the Vatican). Having been a businessman, the former king is said to have inherited huge fortunes from his family members and still runs many lucrative businesses through investments and is widely believed to be worth hundreds of millions of dollars. He walked in the rain through the general public for more than one kilometre. The king’s reign can be cut short by a two-thirds majority vote from the legislature and after that a referendum where a simple majority in all of the nation’s twenty districts is required. [note 1] These Bharadars were drawn from high caste and politically influential families. , In July 2019, the former king summoned acclaimed political analyst Dr. Surendra KC where the two discussed the current political environment of the nation. BBC 16 February 2007, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gyanendra_of_Nepal&oldid=998454195, Honorary Knights Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George, Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit (France), Grand Crosses of the Order of the House of Orange, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Crosses 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Recipients of the Order of Abdulaziz al Saud, Members of the Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, Articles with dead external links from August 2011, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 13:04. , Gyanendra left the Narayanhiti Palace in Kathmandu on 11 June 2008, moving into the Nagarjuna Palace. He was deposed by the first session of the Constituent Assembly on 28 May 2008, thereby declaring the nation as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and abolishing the 240-year reign of the Shah Dynasty. He said that no people[clarification needed] would accept the "bill" unless decided by a referendum or elected members in the constituent assembly.  There was no single successful coalition government as court politics were driven from large factional rivalries, consecutive conspiracies and ostracization of opponent Bharadar families through assassination rather than legal expulsion. For instance; Thar Ghar aristocratic group in previous Gorkha hill principality. Against all odds, he was crowned king in 1950, when he was only three.  In the end of the 18th century, the central politics was regularly dominated by two notable political factions; Thapas and Pandes. It is widely believed that Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala was deeply convinced that as long as King Gyanendra remained in the power structure, there was always danger to the democratic order in Nepal. King Mahendra assumed the largely titular head of state position given the monarchy under the 1959 constitution, did not intervene with the governance of the country, and spent most of his time touring Nepal or travelling abroad. , Developments after the demise of Constituent Assembly, Princess Prerana Rajya Lakshmi Devi Singh, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, "Nepal: King Tribhuvan and fall of the Ranas", Nepal massacre inquiry begins, at long last, "State of Emergency Imperils Information Flow", King urged to let boy, 5, be Nepal’s saviour, "Nepal becomes a federal democratic republic", "Ex-King Gyanendra says he accepts CA decision; prepares to leave Narayanhiti", "Govt decides to give Nagarjuna palace to ex-King", "BBC NEWS, Former Nepal king to leave palace", "thaindian.com, Former King Gyanendra prepares to leave Narayanhiti Palace", "Nepal king, facing ouster, urges people to vote", "Nepali king slams decision to abolish the monarchy", "Former King Gyanendra of Nepal wants to be reinstated", "Economic crisis and corruption favour the return of former Hindu king", "Former King Gyanendra's birthday observed", "Does Nepali Congress intend to let ex-king Gyanendra Shah and Hinduists regroup, gain ground? , On 23 August 2007 Nepal's transitional government nationalised all the properties Gyanendra inherited from his brother, including the Narayanhiti Royal Palace. The country’s head of state bears the title of Druk Gyalpo which translates to Dragon King. 2002.  The judiciary functions were decided on the principles of Hindu Dharma codes of conduct. Two years later, a newly elected parliament voted to abolish the monarchy and declared Nepal a republic with a president as head of state. Bharadars formed consultative body in the kingdom for the most important functions of the state as Councellors, Ministers and Diplomats. An agreement was reached between the parties under the supervision of the Indian ruling Congress that the monarchy would have a place in the new constitution. Several party leaders rejected the offer and again demanded that the King call a council to determine the monarchy's future role in politics.  Gyanendra's second reign was marked by constitutional turmoil. The interview was published in Japan's leading newspaper, Daily Yomiuri. Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of Nepal. Ram Baran Yadav was elected as the state’s first president. The Government of Nepal (Nepali: नेपाल सरकार) is an executive body and the central government of Nepal.  This was for a bill to amend the constitution to make Nepal a republic. This branch also enacts and implements the law. As such, on 24 April 2006, King Gyanendra reinstated the previous parliament in a televised address to the nation. This was done by the Constituent Assembly, without a referendum. , Despite having all of the properties he inherited from his late brother King Birendra nationalized, the former king still retained all of his personal wealth prior to his enthronement. Let us hope. He said that his attempt was not a success and so the countrymen are suffering at present.  The King was considered as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and was the chief authority over legislative, judiciary and executive functions. If either of the candidates fails to garner the majority of the delegate’s votes, a runoff pits the top two candidates until one of them gets th… , King Gyanendra also stated in the interview with News24 that a written agreement existed between the politicians and himself that the constitutional monarchy would be returned when he gave up his powers to the politicians and restored the Parliament that he had sacked. Nepalese people started the Mass Movement against the monarchy from 24 th Chaitra 2062 to 11 th Baisakh 2063 BS which ended the rule of the king from Nepal.  Another reason was the minority of the reigning King between 1777 and 1847 that led to establishment of anarchial rule. Also, there is no Nepali version of Franco in sight to install the king back in power. Replying to a question raised regarding the King's silence even after the bill was passed declaring the state a republic, he said that there was nothing for the King to respond to. Nepalese students affiliated with Nepal Student Union chant slogans against prime minister Khadga Prasad Oli during a protest in Kathmandu, Nepal, Sunday, Dec. 20, 2020. Riot police in Nepal clashed for hours with thousands of protesters demanding a return of the monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago and the reinstatement of a Hindu state. After several delays in elections, King Gyanendra suspended the constitution and assumed direct authority in February 2005, asserting that it would be a temporary measure to suppress the Maoist insurgency as the ushering in of democracy in Nepal had led to a fractious, corrupt and incompetent series of government who were successively incapable to deal with the Maoist insurgency. The constitution gives the King a lot of powers. While the Nepali Congress had a long history of democratic struggle, the Nepal Communist Party was formed only in 2018 after the merger of CPN-UML and Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre). The cu… KATMANDU Nepal, Jan 31 —King Mahendra bf Nepal died today after suffering a heart attack yesterday the Government announced. Nepal Bhutan ... of an unprecedented situation involving a foreign head of state. Throughout those two decades the government remained largely in the hands of the NC with brief periods of CPN (UML) control. The President of Nepal serves as the nation’s head of state. The task to elect Nepal’s president rests with an electoral college constituting the country’s parliament and members of the provincial legislatures. , Reports of citizens wanting to reinstate the ousted monarchy are commonplace in the Nepali media due to the widespread corruption in political establishments, unstable governments and the frivolous lifestyles of the unpopular president Bhandari and prime minister Oli's frequent visits regarding health condition to Singapore on taxpayers' money. , In November 1950, during a political plot, both his father and his grandfather King Tribhuvan, along with other royals, fled to India, leaving the young Prince Gyanendra as the only male member of the royal family in Nepal.  These basic Hindu templates provide the evidence that Nepal was administered as a Hindu state. In some cases they are de facto leaders not occupying either of those positions or prime ministers who are not heads of government. Riot police in Nepal clashed for hours Monday with thousands of protesters demanding a return of the monarchy that was abolished more than a decade ago and the reinstatement of a Hindu state. , During a private party at Trisara restaurant in Durbarmarg, a picture taken of the former king dancing caused significant unrest and outcry, most notably from Maoist leader Prachanda and prime minister Oli. He claimed that his attempt on 1 February 2005 was for a good purpose—restoring peace and stability in the country. Portrait Name (Birth–Death) Term of office King (Reign) Took office Left office  After opposition to the hereditary rule of the Rana Prime Ministers from India, a deal was reached in January 1951, and Gyanendra's grandfather King Tribhuvan returned to Nepal and resumed the throne.  Rana Bahadur appointed Kirtiman Singh Basnyat as Chief (Mul) Kaji among the newly appointed four Kajis though Damodar Pande was the most influential Kaji. The heads of constitutional bodies are appointed by the President on the recommendation of Constitutional Council, with the exception of the Attorney General, who is appointed by the President on the recommendation of Prime Minister. Critics and citizen alike condemned the remarks of the politicians' criticizing the former king's private affair. Gyanendra and his family moved into the two-storey Hemanta Bas. The former was an established political party and the latter emerged from a decade-long armed conflict in which some 13,000 people lost their lives. His elder brother King Birendra had negotiated a constitutional monarchy during his rule in a delicate manner in which he, as King, played a minor role in government. He claimed that the King was examining the activities of the government and the parliament and was waiting for a suitable time to respond to them. , Soon after news emerged of a ten-day personal visit to Parbat district in 2012, ten political parties of the district organized a corner assembly[clarification needed] at Shibalaya Chowk of Kusmabazaar, and decided to protest against Gyanendra's visit. Nepal has seen political turmoil for some time, the latest developments seeing the King hand over his powers to a parliamentarian government and the government signing a peace treaty with Maoist rebels. The institution of the presidency in Nepal was created with the declaration of the country as a Republic in 2008. , On 8 July 2019, the former king's birthday was observed by thousands of Nepalese who marked the occasion by marching to his private residence at Nirmal Niwas Palace. Gyanendra was born in the old Narayanhiti Royal Palace, Kathmandu, as the second son of Crown Prince Mahendra and his first wife, Crown Princess Indra. , King Gyanendra studied with his elder brother King Birendra at St. Joseph's School, Darjeeling, India; in 1969, he graduated from Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu. After his birth, his father was told by a court astrologer not to look at his newborn son because it would bring him bad luck, so Gyanendra was sent to live with his grandmother. Not only was Gyanendra crowned, but coins were issued in his name. No. He was brought back to the capital Kathmandu by the Prime Minister Mohan Shamsher, who had him declared King on 7 November 1950. ", King Gyanendra had broken his closely guarded silence in an interview with a Nepali weekly paper in which he said he remained silent to "let the peace process succeed". His reign ended about two years later. The role of President is largely ceremonial as the functioning of the government is managed entirely by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the Parliament.  As his nephew lay in a coma, Prince Gyanendra was named regent; but after King Dipendra's death on 4 June 2001, Gyanendra resumed the throne.. Girija Prasad, as the main leader, had talks with the King and the agreement for monarchy's position. According to Article 167 of the constitution, all executive powers as well as those enjoyed by the King in the previous Constitution were now vested in the prime minister. However, Dr. KC did note that the former monarch showed great concerns for the condition of the Nepalese in times of economic turmoil and political suppression. He was 51 years old and had been king since May, 1956. Heads of government of the Kingdom of Nepal (1768–2008) Before 1800s. , King Gyanendra promised that "peace and effective democracy" would be restored within three years.  Kirtiman had succeeded Abhiman Singh Basnyat as Chief Kaji while Prince Bahadur Shah was succeeded as Chief (Mul) Chautariya by Prince Ranodyot Shah, then heir apparent of King Rana Bahadur Shah by a Chhetri Queen Subarna Prabha Devi.  The government on practicality was not an absolute monarchy due to the dominance of Nepalese political clans making the Shah monarch a puppet ruler. United Nations, UNDP Nepal, SAARC, ESCAP, FAO, ICAO, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IMF, IMO, Interpol, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WTO.  He was declared Mukhtiyar (Chief Authority) of Nepal and led the new government from a royal mandate of minor King Girvan Yuddha Bikram Shah.  A new government was constituted with favoring officials. Apparently searching for a new national emblem has formed part of these developments. Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र शाह; Gyānendra Śāha; born 7 July 1947) reigned as the King of Nepal from 2001 to 2008. , On 27 May 2008, the meeting decided to give Gyanendra fifteen days to vacate the palace and decided that the first meeting would be held the next day at 11 am; however, it was delayed due to the indecision among the leading parties on power-sharing and the nomination of 26 members of the Constituent Assembly. ... response rebutting its finding that the German government could act against the king if it wished. The position is hereditary, but the king retires at 65 years of age. On 7 February 2008 the BBC reported King Gyanendra as saying to Japanese journalists: "The Nepali people themselves should speak out on where the nation is heading, on the direction it is taking and on why it is becoming chaotic [...]. Was cancelled following opposition from different political parties created with the throne, he too was led astray a... 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