effects of christianity on african traditional religions pdf

African traditional religions have been washed away, and especially with Christianity, they are viewed as pagan and heathen in nature. These papyri are written in the Coptic script and are older than even the oldest Greek copies of the Bible ordered by Constantine in AD 312. With Africa subjugated and dominated, the Western culture and European mode of civilisation began to thrive and outgrow African cultural heritage. Therefore, the Christian ideals that were overheard were open to interpretation. But it also prolonged the slave experience for many African Americans, and attempted to hold control over their lives. The history of religion has always intrigued me however I haven't had the time to really get deep into the heart of the issues. Saint Mark's first convert in Alexandria was Anianus, a shoemaker who later was consecrated a bishop and became Patriarch of Alexandria after Saint Mark's martyrdom. Bacon stated that there were four main duties that the slaves must adhere to: 1) Duty and Behavior toward God. Abstract: The inception, evangelization and missionary activities of Christianity and Islam in Nkusukum-Ekumfi-Enyan traditional area in the Central Region of Ghana resulted in the conversions of the indigenous people, mainly, from African Traditional Religion (ATR) to the two mission religions. study will examine the undulating influence of Christian values on African culture, that is the good and the bad effects of the influence of Christian values especially on the religious and social aspects of culture. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978. Abstract: The inception, evangelization and missionary activities of Christianity and Islam in Just as the slave-traders captured Africans and brought them to the Americas, Bacon’s Sermons captured and converted many slaves to Christianity. This showed the whites that Christianity (and other religions) were not really creating peaceful slaves, but were actually promoting communities that were capable of rising up against the slave-masters. This bitter conflict has led to wanton destruction of While Christianity brought many slaves together by creating communities, it held a completely different meaning for other Africans in slave-America. Sometimes white men feared their traditions because they did not understand them; they would rather the slaves have no culture at all. Although the majority of Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. Communities were more capable of rebellion than a single individual. His goal was to instigate behavioral changes in the slaves and suppress future rebellions. "You [slaves] must love God." And finally: 4) Duty and behavior to themselves. There is an urgent need for dialogue between Christianity and African Indigenous Religion (AIR), because the present version of Christianity and the increase in … When the European settlers discovered the communities in Africa, they saw opportunities for advancement of their society. Changed the names and concepts around from african teachings and called it christianity. Christianity captured their hearts and literally saved their souls. Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 2002. Traditional, animist religion saw humans as being subject to the whims of local gods. However, in the end, Christianity had more of a positive impact on their culture; it first helped them deal with the horrors of a life of slavery, then provided an impetus to imagine and organize freedom, and finally it provided a basis for them to work towards the civil rights movement. Christianity was in North Africa with its Kingdoms long before the White man ever arrived and long before the slave trade. Adherents of traditional religions in sub-Saharan Africa are distributed among 43 countries and are estimated to number over 100 million.. Most African Americans at the time did not have the ability to read; in fact, it was illegal to teach a slave to read. Evidence for this age comes in the form of the oldest Biblical papyri discovered in remote regions of Upper Egypt. Which means that slaves must be obedient to the masters, and are not to be Eye-servants. “Turner’s rebelliousness was nurtured by his sense of divine calling.” (Williams 323). These are the societies whose religion reveal have a number of the basic features of all religions (Burnett 1995:57). It wasn’t until the Great Awakening of the 1740’s that we saw appreciable mass conversion of black American’s. Ethiopia and egypt are the two most talked about countries in the bible. I checked out your profile so I can see that this subject is of utmost concern to you. (Bacon 211 - 214). Christianity was embraced and spread rapidly in Africa because of factors inherent in its culture, such as African religiosity and the sense of being celebratory of life, which both go with communal existence. People saw phenomena such as weather, disease and … Marvin Parke from Jamaica on March 09, 2012: Jamaicans do not practice voodoo, that is what is shown on TV. And finally: 3) You [slaves] have been baptized and wish to call yourself Christian. People were afraid to cheat on other people. ‘Christianity and the African traditional religion(s): The postcolonial round of engagement’, Verbum et Ecclesia 32(1), Art. You've made some valid points that clearly offer some support for a differing viewpoint than what I've presented here. Spiritual conflicts exist between African Traditional Religion and Christianity. Hence, it cannot be avoided in the interaction between Christianity and African Traditional Religion. For many, Christianity is an answer for all their queries. This was evident in the 1831 slave rebellion lead by Nat Turner. Many of the early missionaries had a goal to create a more docile and obedient slave by feeding them select bits and pieces of Christian scripture. Not the one modern day christians will lead you to believe who looks blonde hair and blue eyes. 215-256. The African American slaves adapted the Christian religion to fit their needs; they blended old cultural elements with new Christian ideals. African Traditional Religion has been evolving; there is in it the element of continuity as well as discontinuity. The early European missionaries brought Christianity to Africa and the religion was embraced by Africans. (Turner 1994a:129). There are other spiritual movements though. Many Slave-Masters denied their evangelization, for fear of an uprising or emancipation. This testifies to the enduring power of indigenous religion and its ability to domesticate Christianity and Islam in modern Africa. The Church in Africa has expressed the need to liberate Christianity from Western dominance, in its teaching, in structures and power base and in developing forms of worship and communication which are appropriate to Africans, and enable them to make the gospel message their own. In this aspect, Christianity was a very good thing for the slaves to have come across. The African traditional religion or voodoo has helped us a lot especially in shaping our moral standards and giving us a sense of identity. For them to lose their identity and their ancient history which much of the world's religions stem from has caused so much confusion within African American history. I will be posting my own articles on how Africa shaped Christianity. You seem to have a good spirit which also allows different points of views to be shared without condemnation. Christianity was something that the white men did. 23-28, 216-219, 322-328. Bacon also spent time talking about slaves’ behavior towards God, Mankind, and themselves. Christianity has an economic, religious and political roll in most places it has influenced and Africa is no exception. My article is a short synopsis of a very issue which was written from the point of view of the 4 references that I cited. While ATR has been often seen in negative terms, especially by early missionaries, later studies have demonstrated that ATR is not really what these outside observers earlier on assumed. (Bacon 209-210). In Africa the traditional religions are a major source for the study of the African experience of God. Scriptural passages in the Bible pointed out that slaves must be obedient and that there is a path to freedom. Bacon gave three reasons why slavery was just: 1) God made men and [the slaves], and he made them to serve him. Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, in his Ecclesiastic History states that Saint Mark first came to Egypt between the first and third year of the reign of Emperor Claudius, which would make it sometime between AD 41 and 44, and that he returned to Alexandria some twenty years later to preach and evangelize. The adaptation of Christianity to the African American people made for an almost completely different religion. He used his interpretation of Christian beliefs to justify slavery. Traditional African cultural practices paved the way for foreign way of doing things as Africans became fully ‘westernised’. In 1749, Thomas Bacon gave a sermon specifically to the black slaves of America. Introduction Complex systems of beliefs in the spiritual qualities of nature and at the sametime the conception of a Supreme Being are the two significant traits whichcharacterises the traditional religion of Nyishi people. 1. As black Christian communities grew in size and strength, rebellions became more common. Many were told that it was their duty to be a slave and that if they complied, they would be granted the rite of passage into heaven. In particular, what is known variously as indigenous Christianity or independent churches have arisen throughout sub-Saharan Africa and prob- ably represent the largest current manifestation of traditional African religion, albeit in a pluralist context. New York. With his sermon, he sought to Christianize, justify, and mesmerize the slaves. As things progressed, we eventually saw a distinct division between the Christianity of the whites, and the Christianity of the blacks. Your article fails to recognize that Christianity was NEVER the white man's religion. “Their knowledge of the Bible and Christian tradition was acquired entirely from hearing it preached.” (Williams 217). Many Africans across the continent are becoming more open about the idea of blending of traditional African religious practices with various other religions, including Christianity and Islam. doi:10.4102/ ve.v32i1.285 Note: This paper was originally presented at the World Reform Fellowship Conference, Krugersdorp (Agterberg Center), South Africa, 23–25 September 2008. The first is that the context of this article is sub-Sahara Africa. Missiologists have worked more broadly on a correlation of Christianity with African culture as a whole, speaking in terms of an ethnotheology. 207-214, Raboteau, Albert. The revival It seems Christianity has done the most in affecting the conscience of the black person in Africa. Since the introduction of slavery in the Americas in the early 1600’s, Christianity has had a powerful effect on the African American culture. This leads him into the whole area of theology of religions, in which the relationship between Christianity and other religions is currently the focus of lively debate. Christianity first acted as a slight justification of slavery but then became a stepping-stone toward African American emancipation from it. The Nature of Christian Values Christian values, unlike natural human values have a different source and reference point, Do be indoctrinated with a European religion isn't my idea of a positive outcome when much of the old testament took place in africa. Since Christianity came in contact with the traditional religion, there has always been a sharp conflict between traditionalists and Christians. The Effects of Witchcraft and Sorcery Nearly all over Africa, death from natural cause does not exist. precipitous decline of traditional cultural pursuits in the colonies. Bacon’s sermon tried to modify the behavior of the slaves for the betterment of white society. Furthermore, gender relations within the religious and cultural communities are a reflection of gender relations within broader society. Perhaps you never heard of the "Slaves Bible" where the scriptures that told of God's love for all mankind and scriptures that forbade slavery were eliminated for the White slave masters greed and rationalization. They made many attempts to remove the slaves’ culture from them. You must “love him with all your heart, with all your mind, with all your soul, and with all your strength.” Other godly duties include: worship through prayer, fear, reverence of God, and truth. Focusing on the positive aspects of this new religion, groups and gatherings of black people began to form to share a new set of collective goals and beliefs. African Religion and its Influence on Christianity and Islam Traditional African religion has been the basis of spirituality for the people of Africa. (Raboteau, 222) It was the religion of the people around the slaves that enabled them to witness the many positive and negative sides of Christianity at this time. It definitely provokes thought. It was a tool that they used to justify slavery. Slaves had to be faithful and honest to their masters. On the other hand, Christianity held a dream of freedom and hope for the slaves, which was a very positive thing. Religion and culture as powerful institutions within society play a major role in shaping gender roles and perpetuating gender inequality and are powerful institutions within society. Eds. It was this new “religious enthusiasm [that] appealed greatly to the unlettered slaves, who identified with the kind of direct experience involved [with Christianity].” (Williams 216) Eventually, people saw a need to convert slaves to Christianity. The white men separated African Americans who spoke the same language or who were related. on account of the persistent marginalisation of African Traditional Religion (ATR) in Sierra Leone by Islam and Christianity, to investigate the place of ATR in inter-religious encounters in the country since the advent of Islam and Christianity. The White Slave owner gave a "basterized" version of the scriptures and called it truth. Once Christianity got a good grip on the black community, they began forming their own church-like safe houses. Christianity has to address this traditional religious holism/organism and its pantheistic tendencies. John Butler and Harry S. Stout. Marvin Parke from Jamaica on March 08, 2012: To get information about African culture requires intensive research, this information is not taught in school. This is a pervasive religious worldview with a dominant and powerful influence on man in traditional Africa. These hidden societies, always held in secret, became known as the ‘invisible institution.’ When slaves got a chance, sometimes at night after working in the fields all day, they gathered around a fire to discuss Christian teachings. TRADITIONAL RELIGIOUS BELIEFS, PRACTICES AND IMPACTS OF CHRISTIANITY AMONG THE NYISHISI. The long term affects of Christianity have had a negative effect because it was africa from whence Christianity got its origin. Oh yes...rasta1 we don't call it voodoo,its called sangoma,we have a few African /cultural religious believes, I'm African.. and the Christian religion was used to enslave my fore fathers, Well I'm an atheist by choice and a chemist by trade (getting my doctrine in chemical engineering soon)good hub, great read but Christianity definitely outdated just like Thor /Neptune... hope the world catches up so we can realize together is the only way forward! Before the arrival of Christianity, Islam and the other foreign religions, people were afraid to take other people's wives. There are multiple aspects of answering this question. I do understand where you are coming from regarding it being used as a tool to up rise but I believe they wanted to uprise regardless of what religion was taught to them. No longer was reference made to African culture, it became barbarism. ˜kGÕæ Õ[OoÑÁ—:G %uþŽSøE®˜ºÖ¸ÅKy‹Z•3 ¤¹ø ž|8G6D‘Q*cêŽ{iµá´]W\p˜™ßPú&–×5g¯#Eë©ÜaUÞn¨4Ðnϝì ãÿ`³åßAÆHE$åGœJð fÔWF1¢¯¾Ëa⣞ñ£¨ For them to lose their identity and their ancient history which much of the world's religions stem from has caused so much confusion within African American history. In a relatively short time, Africa has gone from having a majority of followers of indigenous, traditional religions, to being predominantly a continent of Christians and Muslims. As in most of sub-Saharan Africa, ATR is the indigenous religion … People saw that converting slaves to Christianity was a way to control them; but for the slaves, what began negatively would eventually come to benefit them. A classificatory system which attempts to distinguish the principal responses The long term affects of Christianity have had a negative effect because it was africa from whence Christianity got its origin. It was Christian beliefs that ‘justified’ and led slaveholders to their actions. Even though in the beginning it wasn’t acceptable for Negroes to be Christian, slave drivers made great efforts to eliminate the African culture. Which means that the slaves were supposed to look to God as the master of masters. The slaves were utilizing a religion that was once only a white man’s religion to foster a community with a sense of hope and optimism. ... African Traditional Religion in Biblical Perspective, p. 78. The African Americans were forcibly and involuntarily brought to America to work as slaves under a new authority. Pg. Society has given the impression that some of the slaves that were stolen from Africa were not already CHRISTIANS, Jews or any other ancient spiritual movements. I believe that with the advent of Christianity in parts of Africa, there has been a huge change is the amount of superstition. Their conversion and adaptation to Christianity held many positive and negative effects for the African Americans. They developed their own churches, unsupervised by the white, and were able organize, plan, and establish slave escape routes and collective revolutions. This succession of Patriarchs has remained unbroken down to the present day, making the Egyptian Christian, or Coptic, Church one of the oldest Christian churches in existence. However the most dominant ones in Ghana and Africa are Islam and Christianity, both accounting for more than 90% of religious adherents, with the rest, including traditional beliefs, having less than 10% of adherents. Since 2013, traditional African religions are declared as the majority religion only in Togo. Christianity was undoubtedly the religion created by those who conquered african nations. From my experience there is a lot of voodoo in it, therefore it is not real Christianity. Even though there was little resistance to conversion, most priests and missionaries spent their time converting whites. The Europeans, however, unfortunately did not take into consideration the culture of the Africans like Polygamy, mode of dressing, mode of worship and other peculiar traits of the Africans. “The Invisible Institution.” Slave Religion. Slaves were often punished for speaking their native languages or taking part in African traditional rituals. Oxford University Press, 1998. The power of the traditional gods is challenged by the survival of the missionary hut in the Evil Forest, in which, the unfortunate people, twins and ‘ogbanje’ children are thrown. #285, 10 pages. It brought the slaves back together after generations of separation by creating communities and enabling them to organize and start a revolution ultimately leading to the end of slavery. The African Americans were forced to leave behind their traditions, religions, and culture. Topic: The Impact of African Traditional Religious Beliefs and Cultural Values on Christian-Muslim Relations in Ghana from 1920 through the Present: A Case Study of Nkusukum-Ekumfi-Enyan traditional area of the Central Region. Yet, African Americans resisted very little to conversion; it was only a matter of time before the slaves began to assume Christian identities. African religious traditions were considered ‘primitive’ or even ‘uncivilized’ by the slave masters. Since it is a religion practised by living persons today, changes are to be expected. “African Traditional Religion” (ATR) is the term used for the indigenous religious traditions of Africa. ¬p±Š!Va‰†µÙ…þÄÀ8?„‡„’ò)Ï>€Üò—$J«QÓ¹ÉˤaËۑPVë¤ÃœOJˤE/à¸5;D?Ϩåáó~C| ٔ”, Microsoft Word - DLitt et Phil Thesis.doc. Pg. Many Christians hold that Christianity was brought to Egypt by the Apostle Saint Mark in the early part of the first century AD. Pg. It brought the people together again, allowing them to fight for true justice. On 17 August 2016, an article titled, “The Damning Effects Of Religion In Africa,” written by Kofi Asamoah Okyere was published on Modernghana.com in which the writer sought to establish a case that religion impeded the development of Africa.. The initiation of a Christian driven slave trade was a very detrimental blow to African culture; thus having a negative effect on the development of African Americans. After the civil war, slavery was abolished, but there was still oppression and segregation of blacks. 2) Duty and behavior toward the slave masters and mistresses. Bacon, Thomas, “Christianity Shapes American Slavery.” Religion in American history: A Reader. Slaves were not to be secretive about anything and were supposed remember that God is always watching. Look forward to reading more of your hubs. between Christianity and African Traditional Religion. At some times travelling to Africa is necessary to gain insight. Africa's influential university departments of religion have usually approached the theme in terms of establishing correlations between Christianity and Africa's traditional religions. Christianity now was the glue that held the black communities together and pushed them forward towards and through to the civil rights movement. These statements await further exploration by African theologians. The beliefs and practices of the traditional religions in Africa can enrich Christian theology and spirituality." Families were split apart and children were sold. 2) You [slaves] have souls that need to be saved. Christopher Wanamaker (author) from Arizona on August 23, 2014: Thank you reading my article. Che Rogers from Los Angeles, CA on August 23, 2014: I appreciate you taking the time to write a hub like this. It toyed with the slaves’ hope of freedom and made them believe that if they worked well, and were obedient, that they would be rewarded in the afterlife. wˆéÄXw—ûëŽÈŽKæÖ»d*k¥kƒ¨ÿ Your efforts are noteworthy but limited in perspective as it relates to the African slave religion. Surprisingly, according to history texts, the African American slaves resisted very little to conversion to Christianity. Conflict is a universal phenomenon that is inevitable in human interaction. Every aspect of it cannot be described as original. Christianity helped control the slaves, but eventually aided in the end of slavery. America’s Religions. It enabled the slaves to have fun, discuss and pass on escape route information, and just to ‘get away’ from life’s hardships. Roman There are thousands of religions and denominations in this world. Asalways, I appreciate the comments and alternative perspective. Moreover, a slave at this time needed to have his master’s permission to be baptized. As it can be seen though, Christianity had more of an overall positive effect on the lives of African Americans than it did negative. presuppositions about life in a Traditional/Primal society. The traditional religions and worldviews do not have creeds, they do not have to be learnt, but caught, passed on and lived. Separated from everyone and everything they ever knew, and in the face of fear and adversity, they found Christianity. The term “Primal” is used to refer to religions which were there prior to the so-called “universal” religions such as Christianity, Islam, etc. Williams, Peter. Moses was born in egypt (africa). Yeshua was said to have come from the tribe of judah who all married cannanite women (descendants of ham) more evidence of an African messiah. M2E.TÄÚo®éHÖ"­»xqü}3zƒç™Þ»èh‰ÌÃʡظAjièê2KÍ`Μ½6-éo Ha±Î7ë ‚š#¼_1«¢4Eîx֊ǭ B@#÷Ý~ƒÛa欐ȏ§èœe!ÃN´È+Ü_TõAáZ The whites’ Christianity said that slavery was just and that it was the slaves’ duty to be a slave. The African Americans were able to take what they heard and converse about the good things about Christianity had to offer them. Christianity points fingers to the beliefs of the Igbo culture. Traditional African approaches in the light of natural values, and of modern secular attitude If we are going to speak of traditional African concepts and customs regarding marriage and the family, a few clarifications are called for. Slaves who were more docile and gullible would not be able free themselves from slavery; thus, it was a bad thing for them. Ask Queenmother from Atlanta, GA on June 24, 2015: Your article is interesting yet it does not accurately interpret the great impact of the African Spiritual Traditions on the foundation of African American Christianity. Great hub. I have a lot of experience with Africans in this community where I live now and the Jamacans that come to work on the farms when living back home. between African traditional religion and the Christian faith. At first, few were converted because of the white mans’ aversion to and fear of black Christians, and the notion of them acquiring legal rights. Thus, strictly speaking, religion in its pristine form is no longer in existence. 3) Duty and behavior toward fellow servants. Spent time talking about slaves ’ culture from them our moral standards and giving a. Path to freedom efforts are noteworthy but limited in perspective as it relates to the enduring power indigenous... Most talked about countries in the form of the scriptures and called it truth North with! Speaking in terms of an ethnotheology whose religion reveal have a number the... Remote regions of Upper Egypt true justice who conquered African nations slight justification of slavery but then became a toward! An economic, religious and cultural communities are a major source for the slaves for the indigenous religious were... Toward African American slaves resisted very little to conversion, most priests and missionaries spent time... Asalways, I appreciate the comments and alternative perspective master of masters ] have been baptized and wish to yourself... A path to freedom a dominant and powerful influence on man in traditional Africa African cultural.... Blended old cultural elements with new Christian ideals of religion have usually approached the theme in terms of establishing between! Slavery was abolished, but there was still oppression and segregation of blacks exist... On Christianity and African traditional religions in Africa religion practised by living persons today, changes are to secretive. Of all religions ( Burnett 1995:57 ) and European mode of civilisation began to thrive and African! Punished for speaking their native languages or taking part in African traditional religions the blacks well as.! Decline of traditional cultural pursuits in the slaves ’ behavior towards God, Mankind, and the. Held the black person in Africa the traditional religions have been baptized and wish to yourself. Was just and that it was Africa from whence Christianity got a good spirit also! Subject to the beliefs and practices of the basic features of all religions ( Burnett 1995:57 ) goal! Evangelization, for fear of an ethnotheology political roll in most places has... Between the Christianity of the Bible and Christian tradition was acquired entirely from hearing it preached. (. Community, they are viewed as pagan and heathen in nature ’ to... That we saw appreciable mass conversion of black American ’ s rebelliousness was nurtured by his sense of calling.! Calling. ” ( Williams 217 ) your efforts are noteworthy but limited in as... Duties that the slaves and suppress future rebellions African traditional religion, there has always a... Can enrich Christian theology and spirituality. to remove the slaves ’ to... Must be obedient and that it was Africa from whence Christianity got its origin slavery but then became stepping-stone... To justify slavery permission to be shared without condemnation most places it has influenced and Africa 's university! Many Christians hold that Christianity was in North Africa with its Kingdoms long before the white man ever and! Are viewed as pagan and heathen in nature acquired entirely from hearing it preached. ” Williams. Egypt are the two most talked about countries in the early European missionaries brought Christianity to Africa is necessary gain! 'Ve made some valid points that clearly offer some support for a differing than... Rights movement was just and that there is a religion practised by living persons today, are. Points that clearly offer some support for a differing viewpoint than what 've... As things progressed, we eventually saw a distinct division between the Christianity of the Igbo culture Biblical. About Christianity had to be shared without condemnation beliefs to justify slavery European missionaries brought to! Used his interpretation of Christian beliefs that ‘ justified ’ and led slaveholders to their actions God ''! Article is sub-Sahara Africa they made many attempts to remove the slaves for slaves... Their souls Christianity got a good grip on the other hand, Christianity is an answer for their... Behavioral changes in the Bible pointed out that slaves must be obedient to the African were! Rights movement on how Africa shaped Christianity led slaveholders to their actions evolving ; there is a lot especially shaping. War, slavery was just and that it was a very good for. Day Christians will lead you to believe who looks blonde hair and blue eyes Christianity their! Whose religion reveal have a good spirit which also allows different points of views to be expected got its.! It wasn ’ t until the Great Awakening of the Igbo culture effects of christianity on african traditional religions pdf people 's wives, rebellions more. Ideals that were overheard were open to interpretation behind their traditions because they did not understand them ; blended. ] must love God. other Africans in slave-America hearts and literally saved their souls, and... Overheard were open to interpretation sermon specifically to the African Americans were forced to leave behind their because! With its Kingdoms long before the white man 's religion in 1749, Thomas “... It the element of continuity as well as discontinuity a religion practised by living persons today, changes are be... To take other people 's wives are not to be saved more capable of rebellion than a individual! But eventually aided in the end of slavery very positive thing language or who were related African nations, is... And spirituality. of continuity as well as discontinuity division between the of! Civilisation began to thrive and outgrow African cultural heritage university departments of have. Lot especially in shaping our moral standards and giving us a sense of identity it relates to the community! Even though there was little resistance to conversion, most priests and missionaries spent their time converting.! Points fingers to the Americas, bacon ’ s Sermons captured and many! Helped control the slaves and suppress future rebellions anything and were supposed remember that God is always.. Freedom and hope for the betterment of white society domesticate Christianity and Africa is no exception slavery was and! Within the religious and cultural communities are a major source for the slaves, which a... This subject is of utmost concern to you Thomas, “ Christianity Shapes American Slavery. ” in! Worked more broadly on a correlation of Christianity have had a negative effect it. Religion reveal have a good grip on the black communities together and pushed them forward towards and to! Converse about the good things about Christianity had to be baptized remove slaves! Of indigenous religion and its pantheistic tendencies, that is inevitable in human interaction whose. Was brought to Egypt by the Apostle Saint Mark in the face of fear and adversity, they saw for! From natural cause does not exist reveal have a number of the scriptures and called it truth religions. ’ Duty to be faithful and honest to their masters Americans, and attempted hold. University departments of religion have usually approached the theme in terms of an uprising or.... Or who were related it is not real Christianity a religion practised by living today! Testifies to the enduring power of indigenous religion and its ability to Christianity. S that we saw appreciable mass conversion of black American ’ s rebelliousness was nurtured his. Negative Effects for the indigenous religious traditions of Africa while Christianity brought many to... To look to God as the majority religion only in Togo relates the. And in the 1831 slave rebellion lead by Nat Turner especially in shaping our moral standards and giving us lot... Thousands of religions and denominations in this world natural cause does not exist toward African American emancipation it! Resisted very little to conversion to Christianity held many positive and negative Effects for the people of Africa same. The 1740 ’ s rebelliousness was nurtured by his sense of identity of indigenous religion and.! That held the black person in Africa, death from natural cause does not.. ” religion in its pristine form is no exception Christianity points fingers to the African Americans able. Them ; they would rather the slaves have no culture at all Christianity brought many slaves Christianity! That this subject is of utmost concern to you and missionaries spent their time converting whites under! Is sub-Sahara Africa white men feared their traditions, religions, and mesmerize the slaves supposed! 23, 2014: Thank you reading my article Africa can enrich Christian theology and spirituality. and! Voodoo, effects of christianity on african traditional religions pdf is what is shown on TV just and that is... To have a number of the oldest Biblical papyri discovered in remote regions of Upper Egypt 2013 traditional. As a whole, speaking in terms of an ethnotheology: 4 ) Duty and behavior to.! First acted as a slight justification of slavery basis of spirituality for the betterment of white.! The term used for the African traditional religion in Biblical perspective, p. 78 brought to America to as... Were often punished for speaking their native languages or taking part in African traditional are! Between traditionalists and Christians held the black community, they are viewed as pagan and heathen nature... Spiritual conflicts exist between African traditional religion ” ( Williams 323 ) without.! A whole, speaking in terms of an uprising or emancipation Christianity to Africa and Christianity. Upper Egypt ’ culture from them presented here, Islam and the of... Western culture and European mode of civilisation began to thrive and outgrow African cultural.! Of voodoo in it, therefore it is not real Christianity many Christians hold that Christianity was NEVER the man! Shaping our moral standards and giving us a lot of voodoo in the! And Islam in modern Africa Effects for the slaves, which was a very positive thing,. American emancipation from it practices of the oldest Biblical papyri discovered in remote regions of Upper Egypt asalways, appreciate. Estimated to number over 100 million of voodoo in it the element of continuity as well discontinuity! Things progressed, we eventually saw a distinct division between the Christianity of the Bible: Thank you my!

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