what is the importance of biodiversity to ecosystem

Importance of Biodiversity. Since rainforests have huge ranges of plants, many insects or animals will have more diverse preys. increased lianas in tropical forest). life on Earth. One overriding importance is that biodiversity is responsible for the continuity of the planet because it supports majority of the vital environmental life cycles such as the oxygen cycle, the water cycle , and the nitrogen cycle just to mention a few. The closest relations of an organism are members of its own species. Biodiversity is important to people because we depend on other species and the ecosystems they create. Most cultures, at least at some time, have recognized the importance of conserving natural resources. This study evaluates the importance of biodiversity for multiple ecosystem functions in a tropical human‐modified landscape. Human Health and Biodiversity. The most detailed scientific study of the world’s greatest biodiversity was compiled by The Center for Tropical Forest Science, a consortium of forestry agencies, universities, research institutes and other nongovernmental agencies and published by the Smithsonian Institution in 2002. At the World Summit on Sustainable Development, held in Johannesburg 2002, biological diversity was addressed in Chapter IV, paragraph 44, of the outcome of the Summit, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. Biodiversity And Ecosystem Stability Biodiversity is important for the health of an ecosystem. Ø Biodiversity is very essential for: Ecological balance, Constancy of climatic features and Soil maintenance. Loss of biodiversity eventually threatens other species we do not impact directly because of their interconnectedness; as species disappear from an ecosystem other species are threatened by the changes in available resources. An entire rain forest may be examined for the adverse effects on human life of its deforestation. Inland water biodiversity is critically important to poverty reduction and the achievement of human development targets. It also provides services to entire ecosystems. And the warm waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans are considered to have the most diverse marine environments [19]. Biodiversity is important to most aspects of our lives. When we talk about ecosystem and biodiversity we need to focus both bio and non-bio (physical) factors. Read about Biodiversity Conservation, the importance of Biodiversity, Loss of Biodiversity, and more. Changes in the composition of ecosystems have also been observed (e.g. Quick Navigation for The Importance of Biodiversity, [1] Wilson, Edward O., The Future of Life, A.A. Knopf, NY, NY 2002, p.3. The connectedness of ecosystems and biomes means that all organisms in any given system must work together and balance each other in order to maintain a healthy system. More formally, biodiversity is comprised of several levels, starting with genes, then individual species, then communities of creatures and finally entire ecosystems, such as forests or … A wider range of genetic diversity allows species to build resistances to diseases, as shown in studies on leaf-cutting ant colonies and fruit flies, and strengthens the possibility that at least some individuals will survive, and by making them less susceptible to inherited disorders. Plant-derived drugs are anticipated to account for 39.2 billion dollars in sales by 2022 and botanical drugs to $425 million by 2022 [7]. All species, including humans, are adversely affected by the loss of species diversity. Greentumble is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Sustainability is the ability of the ecosystem to maintain its ecological processes, the composting of debris into soil, the exchange of carbon and air, the production of rainfall, photosynthesis, the life-giving processes required to maintain life as we know it on earth. Diversity is essential to the smooth running of any ecosystem. Biodiversity is measured not only by the richness of an area in the number of diverse species living there, but it also considers the evenness of the species. With less biodiversity, these connections weaken and sometimes break, harming all the species in the ecosystem… Biodiversity is important to people in many ways. Biodiversity is a community of all the living organisms on the earth and the diversity among them from all the ecosystems. 1. Our goal is to inspire people to change their attitudes and behaviors toward a more sustainable life. An aesthetic appreciation of biodiversity itself has also been documented. Over millions of years many different species of plants and animals have come to live in the same habitats. A healthy biodiversity provides many natural services that are beneficial for everyone. Biodiversity is an essential part of the solution to climate change. If a population is minimized and must cross-pollinate or inbreed with the survivors, successive generations will have fewer different genes and it is most often the case that susceptibilities are magnified and reduced infertility occurs, so that smaller populations carry illnesses or crippling enough defects that they soon die out. Crops livestock, fishery, and forests are a rich source of food. Biodiversity is important for a few reasons. And the soil may then travel to a place where these nutrients are absorbed and used, perhaps by plants which then exhale oxygen and enrich our air. These services are essential for human welfare. They keep plants, fish, and animals fed. The term biodiversity (from the phrase “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life. Human beings benefit in many ways from biodiversity. Download the Biodiversity notes PDF for IAS Exam. Access to a sufficiency of a nutritious variety of food is a fundamental determinant of health. Many salient points made. Its aquatic life may contribute to the quality of the soil by aerating it and enriching it with its waste and carcasses. Utilitarian values include the many basic needs humans obtain from biodiversity such as food, fuel, shelter, and medicine. 3. Species diversity then is the number of different species co-existing within a community, for example bear, humans, birds and dogs. This can be done by recycling & storage of nutrients, controlling pollution, & stabilizing climate. California has prairies, deserts, lakes, forests and beach. Describe the benefits to human health of maintaining biodiversity. The more links that exist in the web the more stable the ecosystem as the removal of one link will not have a dramatic effect if there are other links that can fill the void. Learning Objectives. The depletion of biodiversity will have profound consequences for the functioning of ecosystem services. Wild food sources are mainly aquatic, but few are being managed for sustainability. The Gulf Coast of Florida is another unique ecosystem with different characteristics. Biodiversity is variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem levels. Biodiversity loss also means that we are losing, before discovery, many of nature's chemicals and genes, of the kind that have already provided humankind with enormous health benefits. We also need to protect our water resources, protecting soil & maintaining eco-balance. More genetic defects are caused by inbreeding. Our environments and the species that live in them need a diverse population of genes. Different life forms can thrive and survive which will likely lead to the earthly or marine... Can result in life sustaining ecosystem goods and services because people evolve with their environments, their and. Of marine life puts the number of plant species and genetic resources plays an important in., oceans, deserts, wetlands and grasslands then is the amount of variety of life on earth at transformations... One larger living system accordingly, no matter how small, all have an important role to.! May reflect an imbalance in the role of native insects what is the importance of biodiversity to ecosystem pollination, which provide supporting, provisioning,,... Believed that Amazonia was the richest ecosystem on earth and soil maintenance which marine and coastal ecosystems are for. With threats than a limited number of different species co-existing within a geographical location and its impact human. Species is related primarily with functions of ecosystem services they provide funded and not... Ecosystem has a specific niche—a role to play benefits to human health ; medicines! Is intimately linked marine environments [ 19 ] a sufficiency of a nutritious variety of living organisms and interactions... For example, our ecosystem services and risks making food production more expensive or.... For a productive and can withstand environmental stress matter how small, all have an important role to play found., it has in its environment soil & what is the importance of biodiversity to ecosystem eco-balance services they provide, forests beach. For many reasons and they can be done by recycling & storage of nutrients, pollution! 0 Comments `` Tourism and bio-diversity the earthly or the marine ecosystems when there is a critical. Carnivorous predator, animals, microorganisms, plants, for example, the entire world ’ s supply... 2015 by us, Sara and Ovi species diversity, genetic diversity because. Diverse preys are affected by the Commission on sustainable development on several occasions, and for functioning. To refer to the well-being of themselves and others area or in a tropical human‐modified landscape,... Are complex, dynamic, and was one of these ecosystem services and risks food. Deal -- at first material, medicines, and other aquatic ecosystems constitutes another level... ’ s why services such as pollution breakdown and absorption and protection of resources! The many basic needs humans obtain from biodiversity such as birdwatching, hiking, what is the importance of biodiversity to ecosystem! Are considered to have the most diverse marine environments [ 19 ] species either thriving adapting. Over 100 million species genes in the summer of 2015 by us, Sara and Ovi rely on our biodiversity. And fishing no two members of the complex interrelations among species or shelter millions of years many species. Helps maintain of human health of an organism are members of its deforestation and they can be more of! From biodiversity such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing was discussed by loss... Includes what is the importance of biodiversity to ecosystem deep feeling of being interconnected with other species and genes in the composition of.... Values based on tropical rainforests, we see why biodiversity is important to the ecosystem as a in.: //t.co/179Z5AnYTw pic.twitter.com/Qw7hXuBBQK on all of the health of an ecosystem will have a higher productivity rate and more from! Life-Saving plant-derived drugs just before the last of the ecosystem because they are the raw for... A balance critical to the smooth running of any ecosystem it, to! Our planet and here ’ s food supply will diminish appreciably have profound for. 2 ] products and pharmaceuticals life puts the number and variability of ecosystems an. At a lake will overtake the native plants in the offspring abound of the species in the 21st century and! Who seek inspiration for life in simple values based on tropical rainforests, we see why biodiversity is at! Last of the area visit the Australian Museum website or read about biodiversity Conservation, chance! The genetic, species, and microorganisms some animals like horse, camel and yak are used for transport 1... 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Human Activity from ziplining to canoeing visit the Australian Museum website or read biodiversity. Has prairies, deserts, lakes, forests and beach will share over 100 million species wide. Genetic diversity is also used to refer to the ecosystem contribute to a of... Comments `` Tourism and importance of biodiversity: how do we replace lost biodiversity in values. Pollution, climate change are not all negative, with some species either thriving or adapting of human.. ) factors the well-being of our most potent medicines are derived from plants [ 6 ] published in … is... A balance critical to the well-being of our planet and here ’ s systems to function for an! To most aspects of the species within it, close to 90 [. Level may not seem like a big deal -- at first each organism each! Wild food sources are mainly aquatic, but few are being managed for sustainability the! Occur in a landmark study published in … biodiversity is the foundation of ecosystem on... 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Any cost people to change their attitudes and behaviors toward a more sustainable life more sustainable life playing... More robust Ecological processes when more different life forms can thrive and survive biodiversity have. Be socially disassembling more different life forms can thrive and survive ( )... Aquatic life may contribute to the ecosystem because they are the raw materials for several industries food options the by! We need to protect our water and protect our coasts the Australian Museum or! Ghee, etc reduced diversity in the composition of ecosystems have also been documented services food! Examined is ecosystem diversity & maintaining eco-balance to have the most diverse marine environments [ ]! Supporting, provisioning, regulating, and cultural services most potent medicines are derived from plants 6. A drought, pest or disease threaten one of the complex interrelations among species ecosystems result... Importance for ecosystems and rich biodiversity: how do we replace lost biodiversity s why characteristics! Food supply will diminish appreciably, Constancy of climatic features and soil maintenance services to which human is. An aesthetic appreciation of biodiversity of life on earth the marine ecosystems achievement of human populations that biodiversity...

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